They can actually make problems worse. I know they mean well, those folks who begin conversations about honey bees requiring proper management care and attention by describing bees as woeful, abused victims of beekeepers.
Everyone has heard the stories about if honey bees, being left alone, would live in cozy trees, mind thrown beeswax and live in perfect harmony with the world. Then the beekeepers showed up…
Honey bee colonies, entirely of their own volition, will move into just about any place that meets their minimum requirements for environmental and defensive purposes. Dry, high, and warm.
Honey bee colonies will choose to build their nests in trees, caves, roofs, barns, grain bins, under decks and grills, in the eaves of a house, under the limb of a tree. I have relocated honey bee nests from all of those places and more. No beekeeper put them in those places.
Honey bees are incredible, terrifically wondrous creatures. They can also be incredibly dumb. Suicidally dumb in fact.
They will build nests in places that are almost certainly unsustainable for them. It happens more than you’d think. In fact, beekeepers hives are often a far greater nest site than most of the places we take them out of.
Beekeepers can often be the biggest problem honey bees have to contend with. We have a tendency to not leave them alone. We want to “help” them by applying treatments but fail to first understand not only proper application of said treatments but the circumstances, conditions and assessment procedures that should always precede any such treat to ensure they are necessary, required, or appropriate.
Beekeepers frequently fall into one of two common honey harvest problem groups for honey bees. The first is harvesting too much. The other being not harvesting enough. Put bluntly, honey bees are one of handful of creatures that will produce more than they need. Honey bees will make honey as long as there are nectar sources and space available. By “space available” I mean even to the point that they use all the space otherwise needed for the queen to lay eggs.
Honey bees will create a situation called being “honey bound” meaning they cannot grow the colony in space due to lack of hive boxes and lack of drawn comb that hasn’t already been filled with honey. Colonies have killed themselves off or created an “abandon ship” situation by over producing honey.
Beekeepers that don’t harvest honey accordingly put bee colonies at risk as much as those who harvest too much.
Honey bees create enough actual problems for themselves as well as dealing with slew of environmental, predator and pathogenic problems they have already. The last thing honey bees need is misinformed, overdramatic, hyperbole to distract beekeepers from becoming best informed, experienced and prepared to properly manage hives.